Arthur L. Schoeni Papers
Scope and Content
This collection contains photograph prints, photograph negatives, manuscripts, typescripts, clippings, and scrapbooks.
The photographs make up the larger part of the Arthur L. Schoeni Papers. The images depict aircraft of various Chance Vought models, particularly the V-173 “Flying Pancake,” other manufacturers, and of personnel. Noteworthy are pictures of Neil Armstrong and John Glenn with the latter being signed by Glenn.
The manuscripts for articles contain manuscripts and typescripts used by the donor for his publications. The scrapbook Our Company’s Heritage contains short articles from a company newsletter or other publications. The scrapbooks titled, Magazine Articles, are clippings of articles from various aviation magazines.
The negatives show the Certificate of Incorporation of Lewis and Vought Corporation, regulations for Operation on Aircraft, model plans for various Chance Vought aircraft, and tables of Vought Aircraft and Missile Production from 1917-1972.
The collection arrived in good condition and was initially processed with only a container list as description. Due to a change of the content management system, further description proved to be necessary.
- 1917 - 1988
- Majority of material found within 1971 - 1974
- Schoeni, Arthur L., Mr. (1906-2000) (Collector, Person)
Language of Materials
Collection is in English.
Materials in this collection are open for research.
Literary Rights Statement
Permission to publish material from this collection in any form, current or future, must be obtained from the Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Arthur “Art” L. Schoeni was born in Washington State in the area of Mount St. Helens. He attended high school in Medford, Oregon where he found his passion for photography. In 1930, he graduated from the University of Oregon with a degree in journalism. Schoeni worked as a teacher in Medford and was the editor of the Medford Daily News. During the 1940s, he joined the United Press, which is now called United Press International located in Olympia, Washington. While serving in the U.S. Navy during World War II, he worked as a feature editor for the Naval Aviation News. Schoeni retired from the Navy as a lieutenant commander and joined Chance Vought Aircraft in Dallas, Texas in 1953. He worked as a technical writer and photographer in their public relations department until his retirement in 1972, after nineteen years of service. Arthur L. Schoeni passed away in July of 2000 in Dallas, Texas at the age of ninety-four.
- “Arthur L. Schoeni Papers,” E-mail correspondence Dick Atkins with Special Collections Staff, Holding File, History of Aviation Archives, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
- "Naval Aviation News", Nov./Dec. 2000. “Former NANews Editor Dies.” [Online] 6 February 2008. https://www.history.navy.mil/content/dam/nhhc/research/histories/naval-aviation/Naval%20Aviation%20News/2000/2000/november-december/ppp.pdf
3.8 Linear Feet (One manuscript box, one non-standard box (10.5 x 12.5 x 3), one photo album box (14 x 18 x 6), and one record center box.)
The Arthur L. Schoeni Papers contain photograph prints, photograph negatives, manuscripts, typescripts, clippings, and scrapbooks collected by the donor.
The Arthur L. Schoeni Papers are arranged in one series by document type:
0.08 linear ft. (four folders), photographs arranged alphabetically in Aviation, Flying Pancake, Miscellaneous, and Various Aircraft, 1920-1988.
0.08 linear ft. (one folder) manuscript for articles arranged alphabetically by title, Undated.
0.25 linear ft. (three folders) scrapbook Our Companies Heritage arranged numerically in index form, and scrapbook Magazine Articles, 1971-1974, Undated.
0.02 linear ft. (one folder) photographs prints removed from negative envelopes, Undated.
0.02 linear ft. (one folder) publication 50 Years of Aviation. 1917-1967, Undated.
0.08 linear ft. (two folders in non-standard box), photographic negatives, arranged in original order, 1917-1947.
0.21 linear ft. (two folders in non-standard box), loose oversize photographs, arranged by size, Undated.
1.0 linear ft (three items in record center box), slides.
The Arthur L. Schoeni Papers were donated to the History of Aviation Archives, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas, by Arthur L. Schoeni on 1997-01-28.
The books/magazines in this collection have been separated from the main collection and incorporated in the HAC Monograph/Magazine Stacks.
Image Captions Index
Box 1, Folder 5 titled, "Manuscripts for Articles, Undated" offers these captions:
Image 5ALS-1-5-PB1—Caption: “Chance Vought A-7 Corsair IIs and F8 Crusaders from reserve squadrons at Naval Air Station Alameda, California, fly formation over the bay area.”
Image 5ALS-1-5-PB2—Caption: “Chance Milton Vought at the controls of a Wright B biplane used at the Max Lillie school of aviation to train fliers.”
Image 5ALS-1-5-PB3—Caption: “Because of its strong downwash with its tilt wing angled, the XC-142A easily stirred up dust clouds if operated from unprepared runways.”
Image 5ALS-1-5-PB4—Caption: “XC-142A V/STOL transport makes a vertical landing on the small fight deck of the Navy amphibious transport dock, USS Ogden, during test operations at sea off the California coast.”
Image 5ALS-1-5-PB5—Caption: “XC-142A with tilt-wing slightly raised flies over Mountain Creek Lake at Vought plant in Dallas, Texas.”
Image 5ALS-1-5-PB6—Caption: “Packaged dummy cargo drops from rear ramp of XC-142A during high-altitude tests at Naval Air Station El Centro, California.”
Image 5ALS-1-5-PB7—Caption: “XC-142A hovers nearly vertically while making practice pickup and rescue of a dummy from lake near Vought plant in Dallas, Texas.”
Image 5ALS-1-5-PB8—Caption: “XC-142A takes off from the angled flight deck of the carrier Bennington during sea trials off the California coast.”
Image 5ALS-1-5-PB9—Caption: “Last of the five XC-142A V/STOLs makes a short takeoff at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base as NASA pilots turned it over to the Air Force Museum.”
Image 5ALS-1-5-PB10—Caption: “With its wing at a sharp angle at low altitude, the XC-142A encountered air recirculation problems which destroyed its lift and caused an accident.”
Image 5ALS-1-5-PB11—[No description]
Typescript titles include: Schoeni, Arthur L., Chance Vought's Biplane Corsairs; Schoeni, Arthur L., Crusader. (with photograph 5ALS-1-5-PB1); Schoeni, Arthur L., The ‘Flying Pancake’.; Schoeni, Arthur L., Lillie-Vought Biplane. Chance M. Vought’s Early Designs of World War I Era. (with photograph 5ALS-1-5-PB2); Schoeni, Arthur L., Turboprop, Tiltwing Transport. (with photographs 5ALS-1-5-PB3 through 5ALS-1-5-PB11).
Schoeni, Arthur L., “Cutlass. The History of Chance Vought’s unusual USN Fighter.” Part One, Air Classics, 12, no. 6, (1976); Schoeni, Arthur L., “Cutlass: Chance Vought’s Twin-jet Fighter encounters a Number of Development Problems.” Part Two, Air Classics, Undated.; Schoeni, Arthur L., Cutlass Chance Vought’s unusual, and only partially successful, Fighter makes way for a new Generation of Jet Fighter.” Part Three, Air Classics, Undated.; Schoeni, Arthur L., “Vought XF5U-1 Flying Flapjack.” Historical Aviation Album, Volume 8.
"Our Company's Heritage" Subject Index
Box 1, Folder 6 titled, "Scrapbook: Our Company's Heritage, 1971-1978" includes an incomplete list of names mentioned in the brief articles from a company newsletter or other serial publication. Subjects are listed in no particular order:
First O2U-1 float plane,
O2U Sea plane,
Vought's first biplane,
New York-Toronto reliability race,
VE-10 flying boat,
Birdseye G. Lewis,
McCormick-Romme doughnut plane,
Scrapbooks: "Magazine Articles" Index
Box 1, Folders 7 and 8 titled, “Scrapbook: Magazine Articles (1 of 2), 1974-1991” and "Scrapbook: Magazine Articles (2 of 2), 1974-1991," respectively, offer lists of clippings available.
Included in Folder 7 are:
“Cutlass.” Air Classics 12, no. 6 (1976),
“The Flying Pancakes.” Air Classics 11, no. 8 (1975),
“Chance Vought Cutlass.” Aeroplane Monthly 3, no. 1 (1975),
“Short Little Ugly Fella. The unflattering Nickname above belong to the LTV A-7 Corsair II.” Aeroplane Monthly (August 1974),
“Tilt-Wing Transport.” Aeroplane Monthly 4, no. 10 (1976),
“The Flying Pancakes.” Aeroplane Monthly (November 1975),
“The Flying Pancakes.” Aeroplane Monthly (December 1975),
“Vought-Sikorsky VS-326.” Air Classics 13, no. 3 (1977),
“The Mayday Kingfisher.” Part One. Air Classics 13, no. 7 (1977),
“The Mayday Kingfisher.” Part Two. Air Classics 18, no. 8 (1977),
Table of Contents (?) American Aviation Historical Society Journal (Fall 1989),
“Kingfisher Pilot.” Air Classics (March 1978),
“Ghost Riders in the Sky. Complete Story of the Weird and Wild Regulus Series of guided Missiles.” Air Classics Quarterly Review 4, no. 2 (1977),
“Sixty Years of Vought.” Aeroplane Monthly (July 1977),
“Crusader.” Part One. Air Classics 13, no. 11 (1977),
“Crusader.” Part Two. Air Classics 13, no. 12 (1977),
“Crusader.” Part Three. Air Classics 14, no. 1 (1978).
Included in Folder 8 are:
“No Wings! What has the Chance Vought F-8 Crusader done seven times that had been done but twice since the Wright Brothers flew? Flown with its wings folded!” Air Combat 6, no. 4 (1978),
“XC-142A. The Tri- Service Turboprop Tiltwing Transport.” Air Classics 15, no. 5 (1979),
“May Day! May Day!” Aeroplane Monthly (November 1979),
“New Role for an Old Plane.” All Hands (March 1976),
“Turning the A-7 Corsair into a two-seat trainer.” All Hands (March 1975),
“The Big Guns!” Maintenance Digest (Summer 1978),
“New Role for Proven Veteran.” Maintenance Digest (Summer 1978),
“Crash. Der Bruchpilot.” Flieger Magazin (September 1978,
“Lost at Sea.” Air Classics 15, no. 6 (1979).
“Carrier Calamities.” Aeroplane Monthly (June 1978),
“The First Corsairs.” Part One. Air Classics 15, no. 9 (1979),
“The First Corsairs.” Part Two. Air Classics 15, no. 10 (1979),
“Northrop-Vought V-143.” Air Classics 16, no. 2 (1980),
“You Can't Win 'Em All--Vought's Pirate.” The Hook (Spring 1980),
“Corsairs for Two.” Air Combat 8, no. 6 (1980),
“Project One Grand.” Naval Aviation Museum Foundation, Inc. 2, no. 2 (1981),
“Pioneer Pirate.” Aeroplane Monthly (December 1981),
“Lillie-Vought Biplane, Chance M. Vought's Early Designs of World War I Era.” American Aviation Historical Society Journal (Fall/Winter 1983),
“Navy Celebrates 75 Years of Aviation, Vought Airplanes Have Key Role.” (June 1986),
“Look Ma, No Wings!” Aeroplane Monthly (August 1987),
“24 Former F-4U Pilots Hold Reunion.” (With photograph 5ALS-1-8-PC1) Profile (June 1976),
Matt, Paul R., “Chance Milton Vought, FAI-156, 1890- 1930.” Historical Aviation Album, “Chance Vought and Early Naval Aviation,” “Letting Go of a Legacy.” Dallas Times Herald, (2 June 1991),
“Corsair II Details.” American Aviation Historical Society Journal 17, no. 4 (1972),
“Card Stunts.” Naval Aviation News 69, no. 5 (1987),
“Goof Proofs.” American Aviation Historical Society Journal (Summer 1987).
Photographic Negatives Index
Box 2, Folders 1 and 2 titled, “Photograph Negatives, 1917-1947” and “Photograph Negatives (Continued), 1949-1972” respectively, offer a detailed summary of the container list.
Folder 1 includes:
Image 5ALS-2-1-NB1 to Image 5ALS-2-1-NB39.
Aircraft factory assembly line, praying mantis, clay model of the Corsair, cartoon with Japanese script, montage of Vought military aircraft from 1917 forward, negative reproductions of “The Flying Pancakes.” Air Classics (August 1975), John Konrad landing, Crusader, model plans, Certificate of Incorporation of Lewis and Vought Corporation.
Image 5ALS-2-1-PB33, /T.
Contact print of negative 5ALS-2-1-NB34, affixed to envelope with description. Regulations for Operation of Aircraft (with a lot of corrective liquid applied).
Image 5ALS-2-1-NB36, /BR. (January 1920)
Regulations for Operation of Aircraft (with a little corrective liquid applied), blimp at the Wright Brothers National Memorial, in North Carolina.
Folder 2 includes:
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB1 to 5ALS-2-2-NB14.
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB15, /T
Model plans, with photos of various models of the F4U.
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB17 to 5ALS-2-2-NB26.
Table, Vought Aircraft and Missile Production, 1917-1972.
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB27 to 5ALS-2-2-NB33, /BL (1972).
Negative reproductions of an article “The McCormick-Romme Umbrellaplane, 1911.” American Aviation Historical Society Journal (Fall 1972).
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB34, /BL (1950).
Negative 31A, showing a Vought F4U-5 crashing aboard the USS Coral Sea in 1950. See Air Classics, June 1979 (Box 1, Folder 8).
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB35, /BL (1950).
Negative 32A, showing a Vought F4U-5 crashing aboard the USS Coral Sea in 1950. See Air Classics, June 1979 (Box 1, Folder 8).
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB36, /BL (14 October 1949).
Negative 33A, showing a Vought F4U-4 81100 of VMF 322 crashing aboard the USS Sicily in 1949. See Aeroplane Monthly, June 1978 (Box 1, Folder 8).
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB37, /BR (14 October 1949).
Negative 34A, showing a Vought F4U-4 81100 of VMF 322 crashing aboard the USS Sicily in 1949. See Aeroplane Monthly, June 1978 (Box 1, Folder 8).
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB38 to 5ALS-2-2-NB39, /BR.
Promotional photograph, Cutlass with enlarged praying mantis.
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB40, /BR.
Regulus II, during JATO (Jet-Assisted Take-Off) launch. Print of this negative is 5ALS-1-9-PB1.
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB41, /BR.
Regulus II, during JATO (Jet-Assisted Take-Off) launch. Print of this negative is 5ALS-1-9-PB2.
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB42, /BR.
Regulus II, during JATO (Jet-Assisted Take-Off) launch, JATO exploding. Print of this negative is 5ALS-1-9-PB3.
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB43 to 5ALS-2-2-NB48.
Shows a Navy tail section mated to a Marines body. For print of this negative (or one of the similar negatives), see 5ALS-1-4-PB3.
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB49, /BL.
Man with flight suit standing on top of airplane, view from rear of plant. Titled “Man from Mars.” For print of this image see 5ALS-1-9-PB4 and several other similar prints in the collection. The envelope in which this negative was stored also has a small print of this negative, backwards and with red crop marks.
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB50 to 5ALS-2-2-NB51, /T.
Man with flight suit standing on top of airplane, view from rear of plant.
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB52 to 5ALS-2-2-NB53, /BL.
Three Cutlasses flying in formation. The envelope in which this negative was stored also has a small print of this negative, with crop marks.
Image 5ALS-2-2-NB54, /BR.
F8U-2N, in flight, close-up of nose. Print of this negative at 5ALS-1-9-PB5.
It is the researcher's responsibility to secure permission from copyright holders of materials to which this institution does not own copyright.
Images in this collection are identified by a unique number that provides information about the format, record group, collection, series, box, folder, and image numbers. Please use this number when ordering reproductions of images from this collection.
Record Group Code
1 = CAT/Air American Archives
2 = Doolittle Archives
3 = Lighter than Air Archives
4 = George H. Williams, Jr., World War I Aviation Library
5 = History of Aviation Archives (HAC)
6 = University Archives
7 = HAC Stacks
8 = WPRL Stacks
9 = Cecil H. and Ida M. Green Collection
10 = Belsterling Collection
11 = Closed Stacks
12 = Unidentified
13 = Chance Vought Archives
14 = Twirly Birds Archives
Image Format Code
P = Photograph/Postcard
S = Slide
N = Negative
T = Positive Transparency
B = Black and White
C = Color
13 = Chance Vought Archives
ALS = Arthur L. Schoeni Papers
= Series Number
1 = Box Number
1 = Folder Number
P = Photograph/Postcard
C = Color
1 = Image Number
Images archived in plastic image holders may also have a location code in the format: 1/TL. In this example, the number is the sheet number and the letters indicate the top left position on the sheet. Position indicators are T = top, L = left, R = right, M = middle, and B = bottom. Position indicators may be combined to describe the position on the sheet, as shown in this example.
Note to the Researcher
Metal staples and paper clips were removed from the documents where necessary. Some of the typescripts were edited by cutting and pasting. Pages with deteriorated paste were photocopied. Most clippings affixed to paper with adhesive. Where the adhesive was failing, photocopies were made and the originals discarded. Where negatives were in envelopes, any identifying text from the envelope is retained in a sleeve, followed by the negatives contained therein.
Note to the Researcher
The Image IDs on the items are labelled using #5, instead of #13, indicating that the collection belongs to the History of Aviation Archives rather than the Chance Vought Archives. This is due to the Arthur L. Schoeni Papers being acquired prior to the Chance Vought Archives. Numbers will be changed as the items are used until they all conform to the new Image ID standard.
Material Removed List
0.16 linear ft. (two folders) of duplicate photographs, negatives, clippings, and folders that were not pertinent to the collection as well as damaged documents that were photocopied onto acid-free paper were de-accessioned and sent to recycling.
- Aeronautics, Military--Research Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Aerospace engineering. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Airplanes Assisted takeoff Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Armstrong, Neil, 1930-2012 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Chance Vought Archives Subject Source: Local sources
- Corsair (Fighter plane) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Corsair II (Jet attack plane) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Crusader (Jet fighter plane) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Flight engineering Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Glenn, John, 1921-2016 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Kingfisher (Reconnaissance aircraft) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Regulus (Cruise missile) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Research aircraft Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Vertically rising aircraft Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Vought Corporation Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Vought aircraft Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Vought, Chance, 1890-1930 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Guide to the Arthur L. Schoeni Papers, 1906-2000
- Steve Gaither and Patrizia Nava, CA.
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- English (eng)
- Edition statement
- First revision by Cassandra Zawojek, 2018-05-30. Second revision by Patrizia Nava, CA. 2020-09-21.
- 2018-05-30: 1st revision was a migration to ArchivesSpace by Cassandra Zawojek.
- 020-09-21: 2nd revision was an update of the Arthur L. Schoeni agent record and the additional sources by Patrizia Nava, CA.
Part of the Special Collections and Archives Division, History of Aviation Archives. Repository
3020 Waterview Pkwy
Richardson Texas 75080 US