Skip to main content

E. C. Kirkpatrick Papers

 Collection
Identifier: CA003-93

Scope and Content

This collection contains personal papers, CAT, CNAC, Air America, Flying Tigers, Hump Pilots, and Pan American Airways Association records, personal and association correspondence, membership directories and cards, reunions, mailing lists, journals, memos, rosters, contracts, and agreements, flight crew seniority lists, clippings, personal interest stories, certifications, identification cards, vaccination records, training materials, quizzes and proficiency records, newsletters, circulars, photographs, negatives, transparencies, one movie film, maps and charts, forms and instructions, post cards, business cards, and scrapbooks. The E. C. Kirkpatrick Papers are housed in forty-nine boxes of various sizes and one oversized flat file drawer totaling 46.71 linear ft.

The collection arrived in four accessions and was in very good condition and well organized. It was partially processed by another archivist. The previously processed materials were reviewed and as required, adjustments and changes were implemented so that uniformity was established and maintained throughout the processing effort. The archivist identified ten series with the first series being the Personal Papers Series, which is further organized into six subseries: 1. Correspondence, 2. Education and Employment, 3. Certificates, Identification, and Medical, 4. Social Memberships, 5. Log- and Scrapbooks, and 6. Assorted.

Subseries 1. covers family member and personal letters, bank deposit slips, real estate transactions, business correspondence, letters to and from William Leary, and queries concerning Royal Leonard.

Subseries 2. contains training lesson materials, course descriptions, quizzes and examinations, one Link Trainer Time Log, recommendation and qualification letters, security questionnaires, and compensation documents.

Subseries 3. includes airmen certificates, medical certificates and vaccination records, pilot licenses, identification cards, and country entry clearance papers.

Subseries 4. contains Saigon Club, CAT Association directories, and reunion documents, Flying Tigers Association membership rosters, bulletins, and newsletters, China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC) newsletters and history, correspondence to and from Joe Muroney, Air America reunions and rosters, Hump Pilots Association reunions and rosters, Flying Tigers Association reunion reports, Pan American Airways (Africa) reunion documents, Air America Club reunion rosters and announcements, Over The Front membership directories, Museum of Aviation exhibit donation paperwork, and Confederate Air Force membership documents.

Subseries 5. includes Student Pilot’s Rating Books, Pilot Log Books, personal log books, scrapbooks containing subject matter relating to CNAC, Flying Tigers Association, letters describing the pioneering work done by CNAC to provide service between India and China, flying The Hump, Central Air Transport, and materials about General Claire Chennault, and Whiting Willauer, Introduction Manual to The DC-3, USAF Pilot’s Handbooks, USAF and U.S. Navy Radio Frequency Handbooks.

Subseries 6. contains flight plan receipts, TWA materials, and 12th Air Force security information.

The second series is the China National Airlines Corporation (CNAC) series containing policies and rules, pilot’s flight reports, radio facility charts, flight accidents, flying The Hump documents, flight crew lists, and employment history letter.

The third series is the Civil Air Transport (CAT) series that provides insight into the relationship of CAT and the French military forces involved in the Indo-China War. This series includes flight records, Operation Cognac and Project Squaw correspondence, contracts, and covenants between CAT and the French Government/Air Force, Pilatus PC-6/A specifications, Beechcraft B55 Baron documents, an extract from a William Leary book, pilot application form, a personal ballad about “Earthquake McGoon,“ images of Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar aircraft in flight and battle damaged articles on the ground.

The fourth series is the Air America series that encompasses materials about Sikorsky S-62 helicopters, leased aircraft documents, Fairchild C-123 Provider documents, air and sea rescue letter of appreciation from the American Embassy in Laos, flight crew rosters, and Air America history summary prepared by the CIA.

The fifth series is the Pan American Airways series comprised of newsletters, memoranda, flight information and schedules, news releases, and ferry services documents.

The sixth series is the Newspapers and Clippings series that includes a wide scope of subjects during the World War II era and post war activities in China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Thailand, and Vietnam. The contents consist of ferry pilots and civil aeronautics training articles, operational aircraft losses and accidents, CNAC aircraft, the Flying Tigers, Post World War II China, Air America, CAT, the battle of Dien Bien Phu, covert operations and the CIA, David Hickler’s efforts to seek government pensions, Flying Tiger Airlines, various articles about E. C. Kirkpatrick, the World War II Normandy landings, World War II history by battle, CNAC and Indo-China activities, and flying The Hump.

The seventh series is the Charts and Maps series. Some of these charts and maps contain handwritten notations specific to routes and approach paths. The contents includes Radio Beacon Charts, Long Range Navigation Charts, Special Air Navigation Charts, Pacific Airways Plotting Chart, Link Trainer Chart, New Zealand Flying Map, Foreign Charts, Aeronautical Planning and Flight Charts, USAAF Aero Plotting Chart and Variation of The Compass Chart, USAF Long Range Navigation Charts, China Proper Charts, China Regional foldable maps mounted on linen, Airways Map of the United States, Post Office Airmail Routes, London-Paris Channel Crossing Map, U.S. Foreign Airmail Routes, Manufacturers Aircraft Association Map of Air Routes of the World, Pan American System California-Hawaii map, Robertsville Ohio Quadrangle, Daily Telegraph War Map Number 5 Mediterranean and Northern Africa, S.W. England, Midlands, and Wales Aeronautical Map Ordinance Survey, and maps of France and Italy.

The eighth series is the Media Series, which is further organized into five subseries: 1. Photographs, 2. Negatives, 3. Transparencies, 4. Reel to reel film, and 5. Reference Log Books.

Subseries 1. contains mostly black and white photos from the mid 1930s to the late 1980s. A great majority are concentrated during the late 1930s through the 1960s. The geographical subject area is the Middle East and Asia Pacific. The photographs are extensive and cover a far ranging variety of subjects such as conventional and rotary operational aircraft, damaged and crashed aircraft, airport and remote sites, leisure time activities, business associates, friends, family, operations, venues under construction, military bases and maintenance facilities. There are also reconnaissance photos related to the missions supporting the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. These photographs are populated with hand written notations and are particularly interesting.

Subseries 2. includes negatives that are undated and specific subjects are difficult to ascertain. However, it is assumed that this content would have similar parallel topic themes as identified within the photograph collection. Some of the negatives mounted within archival polypropylene sleeves contain reference numbers that were applied when the collection was previously processed. Although this nomenclature was not removed, this schema is no longer being used and should be disregarded. There is also a folder of materials labeled as research materials for Joe Leeker. This remains intact from the previous processing of the collection.

Subseries 3. contains a large variety of 35mm and 120mm transparencies. They are mostly aligned to countries and cities geographically located in the Southeast Asia Region, plus Australia and New Zealand. Subjects consist of aircraft, maintenance and operations facilities, business associates, meetings, venues, friends, family, military installations, and recreational activities.

Subseries 4. contains one small reel of motion picture film. The subject could not be determined.

Subseries 5. includes three journal log binders that are a reference source to identify specific details about the transparencies within the collection. Each listed transparency is denoted with a number and a line item entry indicating the subject matter and the date. The same number is also noted on the related transparency.

The ninth series is the Ephemera series that includes CNAC flight folders and a commemorative booklet about a survey flight from Shanghai to Batavia, a CAT airline schedule, Eugene Hasenfus fund raising handouts, and a Taiwan travel brochure.

The tenth series is the Memorabilia series that contains certificates including a Pan American Air Ferries Graduation Certificate for Junior Pilots, CAT Service Certificates, National Geographic Society Certificate, Lockheed C-130 demo flight invitation, U.S. Naval Institute Membership Certificate, Membership Certification in the American Aviation Historical Society, Vietnam and Hong Kong currency, personal telephone and address booklets, financial records, CAT rolled calendars, CAT cigarette lighters, key chains, and desk calendars, CNAC identification booklet for James T. Scoff, a leather flying cap, ammunition belt, nose mask with hose, a “Sam Brown” belt, Cox and Stevens Aircraft Navigation Computer, U.S. Army Air Corps Dead Reckoning Computer Type E-6B, True Airspeed Calculator Type G-1, Dalton Aircraft Navigation Computer Mark VII, post cards addressed to and from relatives, friends, and business associates, and three Aviators Kit Bags AN 6505-1.

Dates

  • 1910 - 1992
  • Majority of material found within 1940 - 1968

Language of Materials

Collection is in English, French, Thai, Lao, and Chinese.

Access Restrictions

Materials in this collection are open for research.

Literary Rights Statement

Permission to publish material from this collection in any form, current of future, must be obtained from the Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.

Biographical Sketch

Enos Claire Kirkpatrick (E. C. Kirkpatrick) was born on May 12, 1920 to Raymond Cyril Kirkpatrick and Anna Sylvia née Gwynn and was raised in Latrobe and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His family also knew him as “Bud.“ He had an older brother, Raymond Cyril Kirkpatrick Jr., who became an artillery officer during World War II.

E. C. Kirkpatrick attended schools in the Pittsburgh area and graduated from Mount Lebanon High School. While in high school, he enrolled in the first Civil Aeronautics Authority Pilot Training School at Sunbury Airport at Sunbury, PA. Upon graduation, Kirkpatrick received a qualified pilot’s license.

After completing high school, he worked at Cooper-Bessemer Corporation as a machinist from 1940 to 1941. He also attended Lehigh University for one year studying mechanical engineering. Upon his decision to leave school, he joined Pan American Airways Ferry Services in Miami, Florida in January 1942. After completing a series of training programs, the company transitioned him to Pan American Airways Africa at Accra, Africa. His work supported British troops and at the age of 31, he piloted one of the aircraft that helped to evacuate retreating British troops when the Germans threatened to overrun Cairo, Egypt during the early days of World War II.

Later during 1942, he quit Pan American Airways Africa and spent a brief period of time as a pilot for Transcontinental Airlines in Kansas City, Missouri. He then joined China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC) from March 1943 to September 1947. He briefly served as a co-pilot and was immediately promoted to captain after completing internal certification qualifications. During a portion of this timeframe, he was also employed as a private pilot working for T. V. Soong, China’s Minister of Finance. During the World War II portion of his employment with CNAC, he flew sorties over the Burma, China, and India regions and predominantly over one of the most dangerous and difficult routes known as “The Hump,” where he completed over 600 flights.

After his employment at CNAC, he joined Central Air Transport Corporation (CATC) in September 1947 as a pilot and remained with them until November 1949. During December 1950, E. C. Kirkpatrick joined Civil Air Transport (CAT) as a pilot and later became a chief pilot.

On January 15, 1954, he was assigned as coordinator of the controversial Operation Squaw project in French Indo-China. He was responsible for all phases of this program between CAT and the French Air Force including liaison, logistics, contracts, scheduling, financials, maintenance, and any other activities that were necessary to successfully carry out the mission objectives.

He was in charge of approximately 30 American civilian airmen employed by CAT that directly worked with French Air Force pilots and operations staff to airlift supplies to the beleaguered French military outpost at Dien Bien Phu and other garrisons, facilities, and installations.

While employed with CAT, E. C. Kirkpatrick achieved promotions to become the Assistant Regional Director for Southeast Asia and Director, Flying Contracts. His tenure with CAT continued until he transitioned to Air America where he continued his aviation career in the South Asia and Pacific regions until his retirement in 1966.

He settled back to his hometown of Latrobe, Pennsylvania and passed away on April 15, 1997 at St. Margaret’s Hospital in Pittsburgh. At the time of his death, he was not married and did not have any children. He was 67 years old.

Sources

Source
"E. C. Kirkpatrick Papers," Pilot’s Application Form, Folder 1, Box 7, Series III, History of Aviation Collection, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Source
"E. C. Kirkpatrick Papers," Self Written Narrative, Folder 28, Box 1, Series I, History of Aviation Collection, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Source
"E. C. Kirkpatrick Papers," Department of Defense Personnel Security Questionnaire, Folder 26, Box 1, Series I, History of Aviation Collection, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Source
"E. C. Kirkpatrick Papers," Letter from J. H. McDivitt, Chief Pilot, China National Aviation Corporation, Folder 22, Box 6, Series II, History of Aviation Collection, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Source
"CNAC Association," CNAC Pilots and Co-Pilots, From Gene Banning's list of 8/31/00, Letter written by Jerry Fink, https://cnac.org/kirkpatrick01.htm accessed 15 March 2018.

Extent

46.71 Linear Feet ((Fifteen manuscript boxes, seven record center boxes, two memorabilia boxes (12.5x19x2), three photo album boxes (18x13x5), one small film canister (7.25x1), three non-standard boxes (18x24x1.5), three non-standard boxes (12x17x3.5), one non-standard box (28x22x3), one non-standard box (12x7x3), four non-standard boxes (16x12x3), two non-standard boxes (11x9x3), one non-standard box (12.5x6x5), two non-standard boxes (12x8x6), three non-standard boxes (15x12x3), one non-standard box (11x11x7), one non-standard box (6x5x5.5), one non-standard box (30x18x6), and one oversized file drawer (45x35x2). )

Abstract

Enos Claire Kirkpatrick (E. C. Kirkpatrick) worked as a pilot for many organizations during and after World War II until the mid 1960’s. At the beginning of the war, he was a pilot for Pan American Airways Ferry Services working in the Africa region providing air logistic services to the British troops. Upon joining China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC) later in the war, he flew more than 600 sorties over “The Hump.” He then joined Civil Air Transport (CAT) during the early to mid 1950’s and was assigned to manage Operation Squaw. This was an agreement between CAT and the French Air Force for CAT to provide logistical support and pilots to airlift supplies to the beleaguered French military outpost at Dien Bien Phu.

Series Description

The E. C. Kirkpatrick Papers are arranged in ten series:

Series I. Personal Papers 2.2 linear ft. (107 folders), 1939-1991.

Arranged in six subseries: 1. Correspondence, 2. Education and Employment, 3. Certificates, Identification, and Medical, 4. Social Memberships, 5. Log and Scrapbooks, and 6. Assorted.

Subseries 1. Correspondence 0.1 linear ft. (thirteen folders), 1940-1991.

Arranged chronologically by date.

Subseries 2. Education and Employment 0.1 linear ft. (eighteen folders), 1939-1966.

Arranged chronologically by date.

Subseries 3. Certificates, Identification, and Medical 0.1 linear ft. (nine folders), 1941-1963.

Arranged chronologically by date.

Subseries 4. Social Memberships 1. 6 linear ft. (thirty-six folders), 1941-1992.

Arranged chronologically by date.

Subseries 5. Log- and Scrapbooks 0.8 linear ft. (twenty-five folders), 1941-1965.

Arranged chronologically by date.

Subseries 6. Assorted 0.1 linear ft. (six folders), 1940-1953.

Arranged chronologically by date.

Series II. CNAC 0.2 linear ft. (sixteen folders), 1942-1965.

Arranged chronologically by date.

Series III. CAT 0.2 linear ft. (fifteen folders), 1949-1964.

Arranged chronologically by date.

Series IV. Air America 0.1 linear ft. (seven folders), 1963-1966.

Arranged chronologically by date.

Series V. Pan American 0.2 linear ft. (thirteen folders), 1941-1945.

Arranged chronologically by date.

Series VI. Newspapers and Clippings 3.5 linear ft. (forty-two folders), 1940-1987.

Arranged chronologically by date.

Series VII. Charts and Maps 12.15 linear ft. (sixty folders, two albums, and one oversized flat file drawer), 1916-1985.

Arranged by chart and map type.

Series VIII. Media 21.06 linear ft. (ten folders, thirty-four albums, thirty-five envelops, twenty-one transparency boxes, and one small film canister), 1916-1985.

Arranged in five subseries: 1. Photographs, 2. Negatives, 3. Transparencies, 4. Movie Film, and 5. Reference Log Books.

Subseries 1. Photographs 11.9 linear ft. (thirty-four albums and nine folders), 1922-1978.

Arranged by original order.

Subseries 2. Negatives 1.86 linear ft. (thirty-five envelopes and one folder), undated.

Arranged by original order.

Subseries 3. Transparencies 6.0 linear ft. (twenty-one transparency boxes), undated.

Arranged by original order.

Subseries 4. Movie Film 0.6 linear ft. (one small film canister), undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 5. Reference Log Books 0.4 linear ft. (one manuscript box), 1942-1980.

Arranged by original order.

Series IX. Ephemera 0.2 linear ft. (six folders), undated.

Arranged by topic.

Series X. Memorabilia 7.1 linear ft. (nine folders and twenty-five items), 1910-1970.

Arranged by topic.

Provenance Statement

The E. C. Kirkpatrick Papers were donated to the History of Aviation Archives, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas, by E. C. Kirkpatrick and his nephew Dr. Michael Kirkpatrick in multiple accessions from 1993 through 2012.

Aircraft Models

There are 350 various types of aircraft scale models in addition to signs, patches, insignias pins and wings, badges, headbands, and uniforms. All 393 items are housed at the Frontiers of Flight Museum (FOF) at Love Field, Dallas.

Additional Sources

Additional information can be found in the History of Aviation Archives in the following collections:

CAT/Air America Archives, Fred Walker Papers, and Dave Hickler Papers.

Books/Magazines

The books/magazines in this collection have been separated from the main collection and incorporated in the HAC Monograph/Magazine Stacks.

Image ID

"It is the researcher's responsibility to secure permission from copyright holders of materials to which this institution does not own copyright.

Images in this collection are identified by a unique number that provides information about the format, record group, collection, series, box, folder, and image numbers. Please use this number when ordering reproductions of images from this collection.

Record Group Code

1 = CAT/Air American Archives

2 = Doolittle Archives

3 = Lighter than Air Archives

4 = George H. Williams, Jr., World War I Aviation Library

5 = History of Aviation Archives

6 = University Archives

7 = HAC Stacks

8 = WPRL Stacks

9 = Cecil H. and Ida M. Green Collection

10 = Belsterling Collection

11 = Closed Stacks

12 = Unidentified

13 = Chance Vought Archives

14 = Twirly Birds Archives

Image Format Code

P = Photograph/Postcard

S = Slide

N = Negative

T = Positive Transparency

B = Black and White

C = Color

Example: 1ECK-1-1-PC1

1 = CAT/Air American Archives

ECK = E. C. Kirkpatrick Papers

= Series Number

1 = Box Number

1 = Folder Number

P = Photograph/Postcard

C = Color

1 = Image Number

Images archived in plastic image holders may also have a location code in the format: 1/TL. In this example, the number is the sheet number and the letters indicate the top left position on the sheet. Position indicators are T = top, L = left, R = right, M = middle, and B = bottom. Position indicators may be combined to describe the position on the sheet, as shown in this example."

Note to the Researcher

All original scrapbook photo albums remain intact and were interleaved with acid free paper. Loose large sized photographs were placed into folders and interleaved with acid free paper. Other sized photographs were inserted into archival photo sleeves and placed into three ring photo albums.

Within some of the photo albums, selective photos were found to be removed with a placeholder notation that they were moved to a holding file. The holding file has not been located or identified. The subjects of the removed photographs are undetermined.

Loose negatives were placed into archival sleeves. Negatives mounted in a wheel arrangement, or existing in compact sized sleeved albums were inserted into archival acid free envelopes.

Almost all the photos that are in archival polypropylene sleeves are identified via hand written notes on the rear side of the image indicating the subject, location, and date. Some of the photos contain reference numbers that were applied when the collection was previously partially processed. Although this nomenclature was not removed, this schema is no longer being used and should be disregarded.

Duplicate maps and charts were removed if they existed elsewhere within the collection, or exist in other collections. The other collections housing a myriad of maps and charts are: CA054-03 David Hickler Papers and CA010-07 Fred Walker Papers.

Oversized maps and charts were placed into an oversized flat file drawer.

Within boxes 16 and 17, the rusted spine screws holding two original chart and maps storage binders intact were replaced with archival string.

The accession records indicated that thirteen reels of 16mm black and white and color films were received. During the processing of the collection, only one film was located. The disposition of the other twelve films is undetermined.

Material Removed List

7.0 linear ft. (seven record center boxes) of duplicate maps and charts, brochures, and non-related materials such as photographs, clippings, personal scrap books, notes, and clippings are being recycled.
Title
Guide to the E. C. Kirkpatrick Papers, 1920-1997
Status
Completed
Author
Neil H. Teitelman
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
English (eng)
Edition statement
First revision by Neil H. Teitelman. 2019-11-05. Second revision by Patrizia Nava, CA. 2020-09-28.

Revision Statements

  • 2018-11-08: 1st revision was a reprocessing of the collection by Neil Teitelman.

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections and Archives Division, History of Aviation Archives. Repository

Contact:
3020 Waterview Pkwy
SP2
Suite 11.206
Richardson Texas 75080 US
972-883-2570
972-883-4590 (Fax)