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William E. Shuttles Collection

 Collection
Identifier: H004-80

Scope and Content

This collection contains mainly photographs, squadron history, reports, procedures, ephemera, correspondence, orders, memoranda, maps, charts that were collected and assembled by William E. Shuttles during his tenure as commanding officer of the VIII Air Service Command, Station 595 at Honington, England. The William E. Shuttles Collection is housed in six boxes of various sizes totaling four linear feet.

The collection arrived in multiple accessions, was well organized, and in fair condition. The archivist identified six series with the first series being the Personal Information Series, which contains different military and civil identification cards and a group photograph depicting Shuttles.

The second series is the Honington, England Series, which includes a comprehensive narrative about the United States Armed Forces' Station Honington 595. The narrative is organized in seven parts with Part I describing the Honington Station's history from its early beginnings as RAF station and the transition to the USAAF, gives a geographical layout of the facility, names commanding officers, and depicts the chain of command. This part also includes personal correspondence sent to Shuttles and ephemera. The photographs in this series accentuate the narrative and have detailed captions. Of interest is the image 5WS-2-2-PB13 depicting the actor Bob Hope at the Honington Station 595.

Part II has a detailed description of the Officer's Mess, the Sergeant's Mess, the Woodwork Department, the Field Electric Maintenance, the Post Office, the Defense Section, and Training Office. Evaluated are also the station's air defense and security and the Provost Marshal's Office. The narrative continues with the Special Service Office and concludes with the Personnel Section. The researcher will also find military orders and general instructions, including a map regarding the 2nd Suffolk Battalion H.G. Exercise No Trumps, in October 1943.

Part III explains the Public Relation Office, the Depot Quartermaster, the 1090th QM Company Service Group, the Ordnance Department and introduces the Officers at Random, the Chemical Section, the Signal Section, the Finance Department through correspondence, charts, orders, and memoranda.

Part IV talks about work achieved for the year of 1943, duty charts and reports, and describes the Field Maintenance Unit, the Photographic section, the Aero Repair Department, the Engine Assembly Department, the Armament Department, the Computing Gunsight Department, as well as smaller sections such as the Instrument, Hydraulics, Aircraft Electrical and the Spark Plugs Departments.

Part V describes the Classification Section, Office of the Surgeon, Meteorology Office, Office of the Operations Officer, Flying Control, Station Flying Control Officers, and Maintenance Department through narratives, correspondence, reports, and production and planning procedures.

Part VI of the narrative covers the Pre-Flight Department, Synthetic Training Section, Sheet Metal Department, Dope and Fabric Department, Fuel Cell Department, Welding Shop, Propeller Shop, Glass and Rubber Department, Parachute Department, Turret Department, Machine Shop, Air Supplies, and Transportation Department; this part also contains reports and special orders.

The third series is the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress Series, which is further organized into three subseries: 1. Battle Damage by Serial Number, 2. Battle Damage by Bomb Groups, and 3. Boeing B-17 Crashes.

Subseries 1. comprises images of buildings and facilities of the Headquarter of the Eighth Air Force Service Command in Bedford, England, and B-17 battle damage. Some of the images have detailed descriptions on the reverse side.

Subseries 2. contains images of B-17 battle damage. Some of the images have detailed descriptions on the reverse side.

Subseries 3. includes photographs of damaged B-17 bombers that could neither be identified by serial number nor bomb groups. Some of the images have detailed descriptions regarding the circumstances of the accident on the reverse side, however do lack any kind of other information.

The fourth series is the Consolidated B-24 Liberator Series, which is further organized into three subseries: 1. Battle Damage by Serial Number, 2. Battle Damage by Bomb Group, and 3. Consolidated B-24 Crashes.

Subseries 1. depicts B-24 battle damage. Some of the images have detailed description on the reverse side.

Subseries 2. contains images of B-24 battle damage. Some of the images have detailed descriptions on the reverse side.

Subseries 3. includes photographs of damaged B-24 bombers that could neither be identified by serial number nor bomb group. Some of the images have detailed description regarding the circumstances of the accident on the reverse side, however do lack any kind of other information.

The fifth series is the Aviation Topic Series. Subjects of these images are battle damage on unidentified aircraft - some of the images have detailed description regarding the circumstances of the accident on the reverse side, however do lack any kind of other information - crash recovery, crash sites, crashes of fighter planes, German and British battle damaged airplanes or airplanes in flight, and images of personnel of the United States Armed Forces' station Honington 595, including portraits of William E. Shuttles as well as other personal images.

The sixth series is the Other Topic Series. These photographs contain a series of cartoons featuring members of Honington barracks playing pranks on each other; scenes from a grouse hunting trip; various locations in Germany and Northern France showing also damaged aircraft, German salvage dumps, front lines, field camps, and aerial photography over Germany and France; and various sceneries covering street scenes, landscapes, aerial photography, villages and towns in Northern France and Africa, battle damaged houses and churches, and radar images. NOTE: some of the images are very graphic in nature showing human remains and might be disturbing, viewer discretion is strongly advised.

Dates

  • 1941 - 1981
  • Majority of material found within 1943 - 1944

Language of Materials

Collection is in English.

Access Restrictions

Materials in this collection are open for research.

Literary Rights Statement

Permission to publish material from this collection in any form, current or future, must be obtained from the Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.

Biographical Sketch

The Royal Air Force Station Honington was part of the Royal Air Forces (RAF) located near Thetford in Suffolk, England and was used by the American Armed Forces (AAF Station 595) as a bomber station during World War II.

The station was built in 1937 and was originally used by the RAF's Blind Approach Training Flights. By 1942, the facilities were handed over to the United States Army Air Forces, who used it as a repair supply depot, which became an important part of the Eighth Air Force Service Command.

On September 2, 1942, Major William E. Shuttles - with six other officers, and a group of enlisted men - was ordered to prepare the station for the main contingent's arrival seven days later. Major Shuttles acted as commanding officer until March 1943 when he was ordered for a brief period of time to the First Air Depot Group at Little Staughton, only to return to Honington to serve as commanding officer now in the rank of Colonel.

William E. Shuttles was born on October 16, 1907 and died in Dallas, Texas on November 1, 1994 at the age of eighty-six.

Sources

Source
"Ancientfaces," "William E. Shuttles (1907-1994)," http://www.ancientfaces.com/person/william-e-shuttles/68529937, online, accessed, 3 October 2013
Source
"Wikipedia," "RAF Honington," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAF_Honington, online, accessed, 3 October 2013
Source
"William E. Shuttles Collection," Station History Honington 595, Folder 1, Box 1, Series I, History of Aviation Collection, Special Collections Department, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Source
"William E. Shuttles Collection," Air Reserve Identification Card, Folder 1, Box 1, Series I, History of Aviation Collection, Special Collections Department, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.

Extent

7.0 Linear Feet (One manuscript box, two photo album boxes (18x13x5), four negative storage boxes (5.5x12x4.5), and one oversize folder (36x24).)

Abstract

The Royal Air Force Station Honington was part of the Royal Air Forces (RAF) located near Thetford in Suffolk, England and was used by the American Armed Forces (AAF Station 595) as a bomber station during World War II. William E. Shuttles acted as commanding officer of the VIII Air Service Command, Station 595 at Honington, England with the rank of Colonel. Through photographs the collection documents the history of the unit and the status of the battle damaged aircraft.

Series Description

The William E. Shuttles Collection is organized in six series:

Series I. Personal Information 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), 1941-1946.

Arranged by topic.

Series II. Honington, England 0.4 linear ft. (fourteen folders), 1942-1981.

Arranged in original order.

Series III. Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress 1.6 linear ft. (four negative storage boxes), 1943-1945.

Arranged in three subseries: 1. Battle Damage by Serial Number, 2. Battle Damage by Bomb Group, and 3. Boeing B-17 Crashes.

Subseries 1. Battle Damage by Serial Number 1.0 linear ft. (one negative storage box, eighty-four envelopes in negative storage box, and one folder in photo album), 1943-1945.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 2. Battle Damage by Bomb Group 1.1 linear ft. (one negative storage box and eighty-seven envelopes in negative storage box), 1943-1944.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 3. Boeing B-17 Crashes 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Series IV. Consolidated B-24 Liberator 0.5 linear ft. (fifty-nine envelopes in negative storage box and one folder in photo album), 1944 February-June.

Arranged in three subseries: 1. Battle Damage by Serial Number, 2. Battle Damage by Bomb Group, and 3. B-24 Crashes.

Subseries 1. Battle Damage by Serial Number 0.2 linear ft. (twenty-five envelopes in negative storage box), 1944 February-June.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 2. Battle Damage by Bomb Group 0.2 linear ft. (thirty-six envelopes in negative storage box), 1944 February-June.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 3. B-24 Crashes 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Series V. Aviation Topics 0.4 linear ft. (six folders in photo album and forty-one envelopes in negative storage box), 1942-1945

Arranged alphabetically by topic.

Series VI. Other Topics 3.2 linear ft. (nine folders in photo album and one oversize folder in flat file), 1942-1944

Arranged alphabetically by topic.

Provenance Statement

The William E. Shuttles Collection was donated to the History of Aviation Collection, Special Collections Department, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas, by William E. Shuttles in five accessions ranging from 1980 through 1985.

Additional Sources

For more information on other bomb groups or squadrons, refer to the Howard Precup Collection on 780th Bomb Squadron Association, the Bonnie Saul Collection on 448th Bomb Group, and the History of Aviation Book and Magazine Collection in the History of Aviation Collection, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.

Image ID

It is the researcher's responsibility to secure permission from copyright holders of materials to which this institution does not own copyright.

Images in this collection are identified by a unique number that provides information about the format, record group, collection, series, box, folder, and image numbers. Please use this number when ordering reproductions of images from this collection.

Record Group Code

1 = CAT/Air American Archives

2 = Doolittle Archives

3 = Lighter than Air Archives

4 = George H. Williams, Jr., World War I Aviation Library

5 = History of Aviation Archives

6 = University Archives

7 = HAC Stacks

8 = WPRL Stacks

9 = Cecil H. and Ida M. Green Collection

10 = Belsterling Collection

11 = Closed Stacks

12 = Unidentified

13 = Chance Vought Archives

14 = Twirly Birds Archives

Image Format Code

P = Photograph/Postcard

S = Slide

N = Negative

T = Positive Transparency

B = Black and White

C = Color

Example: 5WES-1-1-PB1

5 = History of Aviation Archives (HAC)

WES = William E. Shuttles Collection

1 = Box Number

1 = Folder Number

P = Photograph/Postcard

C = Color

1 = Image Number

Images archived in plastic image holders may also have a location code in the format: 1/TL. In this example, the number is the sheet number and the letters indicate the top left position on the sheet. Position indicators are T = top, L = left, R = right, M = middle, and B = bottom. Position indicators may be combined to describe the position on the sheet, as shown in this example.

8th Air Force Tail Symbols by Bomb Group

North American B-17 Bombers

Letter in Triangle

Δ - 1st Air Division

Δ A = 91st

Δ B = 92nd

Δ C = 303rd

Δ G = 305th

Δ H = 306th

Δ J = 351st

Δ K = 379th

Δ L = 381th

Δ P = 384th

Δ S = 401st

Δ U = 475th

Δ W = 398th

Letter in Square

□ - 3rd Air Division

□ A = 94th

□ B = 95th

□ C = 96th

□ D = 100th

□ H = 388th

□ J = 390th

□ K = 447th

□ L = 452nd

□ P = 487th

□ W = 486th

Other Bomb Groups

J = 34th

M = 493rd

+U = 490th

Consolidated B-24 Bombers

View Box 1, Folder 9 for reference.

Note to the Researcher

In Series II. the pages containing photographs were photocopied onto acid-free paper to preserve original order. The photos were attached to the pages with staples, which were removed and the images were housed in polypropylene sleeves, and the paper pages discarded.

The images in the envelopes marked as Undated have their caption line redacted by the original creator of the images. However, some photographs contain detailed description on the back of the image. Some images in Series VI. are graphic in nature depicting human remains. Viewer discretion is advised.

Materials Removed List

0.1 linear ft. (forty photographs) of duplicate photographs.

The first addition to the original accession mentions a 22 caliber aircraft canon. The second addition mentions a pair of flying boots and an officer's cap. The last accession report mentions about one-hundred items of correspondence, clippings, articles, reports, calendar and a Douglas combined protractor and parallel rule for navigation, a photograph signed by General Jimmy Doolittle, and a German V-1 Rocket guidance mechanism.

All the above mentioned items are not included in this finding aid.
Title
Guide to the William E. Shuttles Collection, 1907-1994
Status
Completed
Author
Patrizia Nava, CA. Arranged and processed by John Luckadoo.
Date
2013-11-14
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
English (eng)
Edition statement
First revision by Patrizia, Nava, CA. 10 August 2016.

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections and Archives Division, History of Aviation Archives. Repository

Contact:
3020 Waterview Pkwy
SP2
Suite 11.206
Richardson Texas 75080 US
972-883-2570
972-883-4590 (Fax)