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Frank N. Graves Papers

 Collection
Identifier: H012-82

Scope and Content

Narrative.

Dates

  • 1917 - 1999
  • Majority of material found within 1933 - 1957

Language of Materials

Collection is in English.

Access Restrictions

Materials in this collection are open for research.

Literary Rights Statement

Permission to publish material from this collection in any form, current or future, must be obtained from the Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.

Biographical Sketch

Frank Graves was born approximately in 1912 and received post-secondary education at Kemper Military School in Boonville, Missouri, probably in the early to mid-1930s. Graves continued his education at the University of New Mexico, where he studied business administration. Prior to joining the military, Graves worked as a traffic manager at the Warfield Company, a Chicago manufacturer. He enlisted in the United States Army in 1939 and trained as a pilot, receiving his wings at Kelly Field, Texas, later the same year. Details about Graves’ service in the U. S. Army, with which all the materials in this collection are associated, are somewhat limited.

Graves initially served in the First Photo Group, Charting, a component of the First Mapping Squadron. The unit was activated 1 February 1940 and composed of six flights in Washington, D.C.; New York; Illinois; Texas; and Washington state. The Army formed the squadron to take advantage of an advance in photographic mapping called the Tri-Metrogen (also spelled “trimetrogen”) system. The system employs a method of taking oblique aerial photographs using three wide-angle cameras. One camera is aimed down, the other two at the horizons on either side of the aircraft. The method allows greater area to be covered with fewer flight lines. Tri-Metrogen developer Colonel Minton W. Kaye commanded the squadron. Graves appears to have served in Alaska during 1940, and later that year or in early 1941 was probably sent to the Photography School at Lowry Field (later Lowry Air Force Base) in Denver, Colorado.

The Second Photo Charting Squadron, activated in June 1941 at Elmendorf Field, was known as “Northrup’s Flying Circus” because of the orange-and-green-checkered planes they flew. Photographs from this period, including images of George Northrup, are included in the collection. The Flying Circus primarily worked in Alaska, photographing the interior. The Fourth Photo Charting Squadron was organized at Moffit Field, California, in June 1941. Graves, then a captain, assumed command probably in 1941 or 1942 and led the squadron until May 1943; in 1944, Graves was awarded the Legion of Merit for “exceptionally meritorious conduct” (Lawson 1944, 1) as commander of the Fourth Photo Charting Squadron. Graves transferred to the First Photo Group, at Peterson Field (later Peterson Air Force Base), Colorado, in May 1943. The First Photo Group was renamed the 311th Photo Wing, Mapping and Charting, circa October 1944.

In late 1944, Graves accomplished what had been a long-standing desire: to be part of a B-29 squadron—he joined the East China wing of Major General Claire Lee Chennault’s 14th Air Force. Graves arrived in China in December 1944; in March of the following year, he was assigned to a fighter wing as an assistant operations officer. He flew at least six combat mission against the Japanese in Burma. After the creation of the United States Air Force in 1947, Graves continued his military service to retirement. Although a few photographs in this collection date to the mid-1959s, the vast majority are related to Graves’ service in the U. S. Army Air Forces.

Sources

Source
"Frank N. Graves Papers," “Lt. Col. Frank Graves Given Legion of Merit,” "The Chicago Daily News," Undated, Folder 4, Box 2, Series II, Subseries 1, History of Aviation Archives, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Source
"Frank N. Graves Papers," Corp [no additional identification of the author given]. “The 311th Photo Wing, Mapping and Charting, Detachment Headquarters,“ "Special Service Briefs," 21 October 1944, Folder 4, Box 2, Series II, Subseries 1, History of Aviation Archives, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Source
"Frank N. Graves Papers," Corp [no additional identification of the author given]. “Farewell,“ "Special Service Briefs," 21 October 1944, Folder 4, Box 2, Series II, Subseries 1, History of Aviation Archives, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Source
"Frank N. Graves Papers," “19th Tactical Reconnaissance,” "The 47th Bomb Wing," Undated, http://www.47thbombwing .org/history/19th_history.htm (accessed 27 September 2006).
Source
"Frank N. Graves Papers," Lawson, T. “Legion of Merit Award is Given Lt. Col. Graves,“ "Wingspread" (Peterson Field, Colorado Springs), 25 May 1944, Box 3, Series IV, History of Aviation Archives, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Source
"Frank N. Graves Papers," “Lt. Frank Graves Stationed With Flight Photo Squadron in Alaska,” (unidentified newspaper clipping), Undated, Folder 4, Box 2, Series II, Subseries 1, History of Aviation Archives, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Source
"Frank N. Graves Papers," “With Flying Tigers,” (unidentified newspaper clipping), Undated, Folder 4, Box 2, Series II, Subseries 1, History of Aviation Archives, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.
Source
Wright, J. “Air Photographs for Small Expeditions,” "The Geographical Journal" 139, no. 2 (June 1973):311–22. http://www.jstor.org/view/00167398/ap020730/02a00150/0 (accessed 4 December 2006).

Extent

0.8 Linear Feet (Two manuscript boxes.)

Abstract

Frank N. Graves enlisted in the United States Army in 1939 and trained as a pilot, receiving his wings at Kelly Field, Texas, later the same year. Graves initially served in the First Photo Group, Charting, a component of the First Mapping Squadron. In late 1944, Graves was part of a B-29 squadron—he joined the East China wing of Major General Claire Lee Chennault’s 14th Air Force. After the creation of the United States Air Force in 1947, Graves continued his military service to retirement.

Series Description

The Frank N. Graves Papers are arranged in four series:

Series I. Photographs 0.7 linear ft. (one manuscript box and five folders), Undated.

Arranged in fourteen subseries: 1. Brazil, 2. Canada, 3. Chile, 4. China, 5. Columbia, Cuba, and Guatemala, 6. India, 7. Korea, 8. Mexico and Nicaragua, 9. Philippines and Taiwan (Formosa), 10. United States, Alaska, 11. United States, California and Colorado, 12. United States, Texas, Washington, and Washington, D.C., 13.Unidentified locations, and 14. Portraits.

Subseries 1. Brazil 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 2. Canada 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 3. Chile 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 4. China 0.3 linear ft. (three folders), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 5. Columbia, Cuba, and Guatemala 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 6. India 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 7. Korea 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 8. Mexico and Nicaragua 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 9. Philippines and Taiwan (Formosa) 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 10. United States, Alaska 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 11. United States, California and Colorado 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 12. United States, Texas, Washington, and Washington, D.C. 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 13. Unidentified Locations 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 14. Portraits 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Series II. Textual and Cartographic Materials 0.05 linear ft. (three folders), 1939-1945.

Arranged in two subseries: 1. Service Related and 2. Reunions.

Subseries 1. Service Related 0.2 linear ft. (two folders), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Subseries 2. Reunions 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Series III. Memorabilia 0.05 linear ft. (?? folders), Undated.

Arranged in three subseries: 1. 2. , and 3.

Subseries 1. 0.1 linear ft. (one folder), Undated.

Arranged by topic.

Additional Sources

Additional information can be found in the History of Aviation Archives in the following collections:

History of Aviation Collection, Kenneth J. Boedecker Collection, J. Russell Clark Collection, William G. Fuller Collection, Groh Collection, Erik Hildesheim Collection, Milton Klein Collection, Conrad Lohoefer Collection, and Jim Ray Collection.

Books/Magazines

Books and magazines were pulled and cataloged to be included into the HAC monograph and magazine collection.

Image ID

It is the researcher's responsibility to secure permission from copyright holders of materials to which this institution does not own copyright.

Images in this collection are identified by a unique number that provides information about the format, record group, collection, series, box, folder, and image numbers. Please use this number when ordering reproductions of images from this collection.

Record Group Code

1 = CAT/Air American Archives

2 = Doolittle Archives

3 = Lighter than Air Archives

4 = George H. Williams, Jr., World War I Aviation Library

5 = History of Aviation Archives

6 = University Archives

7 = HAC Stacks

8 = WPRL Stacks

9 = Cecil H. and Ida M. Green Collection

10 = Belsterling Collection

11 = Closed Stacks

12 = Unidentified

13 = Chance Vought Archives

14 = Twirly Birds Archives

Image Format Code

P = Photograph/Postcard

S = Slide

N = Negative

T = Positive Transparency

B = Black and White

C = Color

Example: 5FNG-1-1-PB1

5 = History of Aviation Archives

FNG= Frank N. Graves Papers

= Series Number

1 = Box Number

1 = Folder Number

P = Photograph/Postcard

B = Black and White

1 = Image Number

Images archived in plastic image holders may also have a location code in the format: 1/TL. In this example, the number is the sheet number and the letters indicate the top left position on the sheet. Position indicators are T = top, L = left, R = right, M = middle, and B = bottom. Position indicators may be combined to describe the position on the sheet, as shown in this example.

Note to the Researcher

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Material Removed List

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Title
Guide to the Frank N. Graves Papers, 1912-
Status
Completed
Author
Gaither, Steve
Date
2006-12-11
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Edition statement
First revision by Patrizia Nava, CA. 2019-03-08. Second revision by Patrizia Nava, CA. 2020-10-02.

Revision Statements

  • 2019-03-08: 1st revision was a migration to ArchivesSpace by Patrizia Nava, CA.
  • 2020-10-02: 2nd revision was an update of the abstract in the finding aid by Patrizia Nava, CA.

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections and Archives Division, History of Aviation Archives. Repository

Contact:
3020 Waterview Pkwy
SP2
Suite 11.206
Richardson Texas 75080 US
972-883-2570
972-883-4590 (Fax)